I recently came across this article: The urban rise and fall of air lead (Pb) and the latent surge and retreat of societal violence. In it, the authors evaluate air lead levels and latent aggravated assault behavior at a city scale for 6 US cities.They conclude that, "a 1% increase in tonnages of air Pb released 22 years prior raises the present period aggravated assault rate by 0.46%." They quote from research that shows that exposure to lead alters neurotransmitter and hormonal systems and may thereby generate aggressive and violent behavior, especially impulsive violence.
What do you think?
Looking for a tool to that can help?
The six-step Dissemination Planning Tool guides the reader through the creation of a dissemination plan. With prompting questions and tables, this easy-to-use handbook helps identify relevant issues needed to develop a comprehensive dissemination workplan.
The guidelines provided in this tool can be used to support the dissemination of public health innovations. The tool is designed to help users think about the processes they would use to disseminate findings or products so that they have "real world" impact in practice.
This planning tool was developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), a division of the Department of Health and Human Services. More details available on the AHRQ Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation website.
from the CDC NIOSH Science Blog
You may have some hypotheses about how work affects the health of the U.S. population, but collecting data from a nationally representative sample is expensive and time-consuming. What if there was free data available at your fingertips? You're in luck!
NIOSH sponsored an Occupational Health Supplement (OHS) to the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), and the data is publicly available. See the NIOSH Topic Page for more information. Over 17 thousand current and recent U.S. workers supplied information on their industry, occupation, and workplace health conditions and exposures.
More information is on the original post: http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2013/06/24/nhis/.
Web of Science (WoS) is a great multi-disciplinary tool for finding citations on your topic, and for cited reference searching. But WoS has many other features you may not know about. Did you know you can find the top authors are who are publishing on a topic? Or, that you can find the journals with the most articles on your topic? Here's how:
Start by searching on a topic of interest in Web of Science:
On the search results page, click the Analyze Results link:
To find the journals with the most articles on your topic, select Source Titles in the Rank the records by this field: box. You can show the top 10-500 results, and set the minimum number of records a selection must have to appear in your list. In the image below, we will see the top 25 journal titles, and each must have at least 10 articles from the search:
After clicking Analyze, here are the results:
In this example, there are an additional 27 Source Titles with at least 25 articles.
You now have the option to view the results of any journal titles you select, download the results, or go back and re-analyze. You can then do the same search, choosing Author instead of Source Title, to get a list of the top publishing authors in this topic.
ScienceInsider has an interesting article about the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) posted online last week. The declaration recommends that institutions and agencies "eliminate the use of journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, in funding, appointment, and promotion considerations." The declaration also has specific recommendations for funding agencies, institutions, publishers, organizations that supply metrics, and researchers.
Here is the ScienceInsider article: In 'Insurrection,' Scientists, Editors Call for Abandoning Journal Impact Factors.
Also take a look at the response published in eLife: "It is time for the research community to rethink how the outputs of scientific research are evaluated... ."
Based on a recent post in the UCB Science & Engineering Libraries News blog.