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Resource Guides on Recent Public Health Incidents: Zika, Flint, Aliso Canyon

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) recently developed resource lists for three public health emergencies affecting both local and global communities:

An incident web page was created to gather resources on the emerging health issues arising from the Zika Virus.

Two PDF documents on recent chemical incidents have been updated.

Links to these lists are included below and also can be found on the NLM Disaster Health home page, https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov

Zika Virus Health Information Resources https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/zikavirus.html

Lead in Flint, Michigan Water System https://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/FlintLeadWater.pdf

Aliso Canyon/Porter Ranch Gas Leak https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/aliso_canyon_gas_leak.pdf

These resource lists link to a variety of sources such as:

  • Local, state, federal and international agencies and organizations
  • Database searches for the health information issues around the incidents
  • Social media resources for situational awareness

To keep up-to-date on these and other Disaster Health resources, please sign-up for email updates: https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USNLMDIMRC/subscriber/new.

Jan 28, 2016 | Categories: News, New Resources | msholinb

Embase Workshop: Improve your biomedical/health searches! Feb. 11, 10am

Embase Workshop: Improve your searches!

Thursday February 11 | 10-11:30 a.m. | Valley Life Sciences Building, Bioscience Library Training Room

No pre-registration required; all are welcome: students, faculty, staff, researchers.

Please join us for a 60 minute workshop* (*with optional 30 minute question/practice time afterwards) incorporating hands-on examples to more effectively search Embase.

You will learn:

  • How the Embase database differs from PubMed in content, scope and functionality
  • How to do a quick search and use search history to design more effective searches
  • How to use Emtree to find the best term and synonyms for searching
  • Where to go for help and support for your Embase searching needs.

Derrick Umali (Elsevier Life Science Customer Consultant) will be on hand to deliver the session and answer additional questions or provide additional workflows after the workshop.
Use one of the PCs in the Training Room, or bring your laptop!

Finding all relevant information from the biomedical literature is key to creating high-quality reviews that accelerate evidence-based clinical decisions and improve patient outcomes.
Unique coverage of the most important types of evidence and search tools specifically designed to pinpoint relevant biomedical literature ensures that Embase enables all researchers to generate the most impactful reviews in support of Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Based Public Health.

Embase features
:

  • More than 30 million records from over 8,500 journals and 'grey literature' from over 1.9 million conference abstracts
  • Coverage of the most important types of evidence, including randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, Cochrane reviews and meta-analyses
  • Deep indexing using the Emtree life science thesaurus, which includes over 70,000 preferred terms and 290,000 synonyms, as well as trial and study types, reviews and meta-analysis
  • Unique non-English content, along with detailed indexing of study types, trial phases, patient populations etc.

The Cochrane Collaboration recommends searching in Embase

Embase Fact Sheet (PDF),
Embase Systematic Review Guide (PDF)

Jan 15, 2016 | Categories: Events and Workshops | msholinb

Identifying Transgender and Other Gender Minority Respondents on Population-Based Surveys

Currently, most federally-supported population-based surveys do not include measures to identify transgender and other gender minority respondents, according to a report released by the Williams Institute on behalf of the Gender Identity in U.S. Surveillance (GenIUSS) group. The report entitled, "Best Practices for Asking Questions to Identify Transgender and Other Gender Minority Respondents on Population-Based Surveys," assesses current practices in sex and gender-related population research and offers strategies for establishing consistent, scientifically rigorous procedures for gathering information relevant to the needs and experiences of transgender people and other gender minorities.

The American Community Survey, the Current Population Survey, the Survey of Income and Program Participation, the National Crime Victimization Survey, the National Health Interview Survey, and the National Survey of Veterans are among the federally-supported population-based surveys that currently do not include measures to identify gender minority respondents. These are top-priority surveys for including recommended sex and gender-related measures.

"Research tells us that transgender people and other gender minorities face discrimination that impacts their health and well-being," says Jody L. Herman, who served as editor for the report and leads Williams Institute transgender research efforts. "Having representative data on the social, economic, and health status of gender minorities is key to guiding efforts by government and nonprofit agencies to address disparities."

The report recommends various promising measures and measurement approaches for identifying respondents as gender minorities in general population surveys. Among the most effective is the "two step" approach, which includes measures of self-reported assigned sex at birth (the sex recorded on one?s original birth certificate) and gender identity at the time of the survey.

Related to this post:

Creating Authentic Spaces: A Gender Identity and Gender Expression Toolkit: This toolkit provides constructive and tangible steps on how to implement anti-discrimination policies around gender identity and gender expression, as well as strategies and suggestions on creating affirming spaces for people who identify as trans and gender non-conforming.

Jan 07, 2016 | Categories: Events and Workshops | msholinb

Global health is improving, so say the Global Burden of Disease Study

A recent article in The Lancet used the published Global Burden of Disease 2013 data for age-specific mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) to calculate disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2013 for 188 countries. Worldwide, from 1990 to 2013, life expectancy at birth rose by 6.2 years, from 65.3 years in 1990 to 71.5 years in 2013, HALE at birth rose by 5.4 years, from 56.9 years to 62.3 years, total DALYs fell by 3.6%, and age-standardised DALY rates per 100 000 people fell by 26.7%. For communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders, global DALY numbers, crude rates, and age-standardised rates have all declined between 1990 and 2013, whereas for non?communicable diseases, global DALYs have been increasing.

They conclude that global health is improving. Population growth and ageing have driven up numbers of DALYs, but crude rates have remained relatively constant, showing that progress in health does not mean fewer demands on health systems. The notion of an epidemiological transition?in which increasing sociodemographic status brings structured change in disease burden?is useful, but there is tremendous variation in burden of disease that is not associated with sociodemographic status. This further underscores the need for country-specific assessments of DALYs and HALE to appropriately inform health policy decisions and attendant actions.

Here's the PubMed citation:
Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition. Lancet. 2015 Nov 28;386(10009):2145-91. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61340-X. Epub 2015 Aug 28. PubMed PMID: 26321261; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4673910.

Jan 07, 2016 | Categories: News | msholinb

Free Open Access Options for Berkeley Authors

UC Berkeley authors have several free options to publish their article in open access journals. Listed below are three rapid dissemination OA journals where articles are peer reviewed in which Berkeley authors can publish without paying an article processing charge (APC).

PeerJ logoPeerJ: publishes original research in the biological, medical and health sciences. Due to a partnership with the Berkeley Library, there is no cost for Berkeley authors to publish in PeerJ.

SAGE Open: publishes original research and review articles in humanities, social and behavioral sciences. The Library underwrites Berkeley authors' publishing costs. This also includes AERA Open and some other OA journals hosted by SAGE.  

SAGE Open logo

 

 

 

eLife: publishes original research in life sciences and biomedicine. It is free to publish in eLife while the journal is being established though there are plans to institute article processing charges for authors in the future. eLife logo

More information on open access at UC Berkeley is available from this guide. Information on the UC Open Access Policy is here.

Sep 22, 2015 | Categories: Events and Workshops, Scholarly Communication | msholinb

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