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A small number of "hyper-polluters" doing the most harm, mostly to communities of color

A recent study published in Environmental Rsearch Letters concludes that a relatively small number of polluting facilities is responsible for the greatest amount of pollution. And, this promarily affects communities of color or low-icome areas.

This research relies on two data sources?the US Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Screening Environmental Indicators-Geographic Microdata (RSEI-GM) from 2007 and the US Census of Population and Households from 2000. Results of the analysis provide strong evidence that toxic outliers exist. And, as they isolated the points with the highest exposure estimates, a greater density of low income households and nonwhite populations were found. "In an analysis of all permitted industrial facilities across the United States, we show that there exists a class of hyper-polluters - the worst-of-the-worst - that disproportionately expose communities of color and low income populations to chemical releases."

Linking 'toxic outliers' to environmental justice communities Mary B Collins, Ian Munoz and Joseph JaJa Environmental Research Letters, Volume 11, Number 1 (in a special issue, Focus on Environmental Justice: New Directions in International Research).

Feb 19, 2016 | Categories: News | msholinb

Finding Health Statistics & Data
a D-Lab training, March 1, 2016 - 12 to 1:30 PM

Finding Health Statistics & Data

Register:

http://dlab.berkeley.edu/training/finding-health-statistics-2

Date:
Tue, March 1, 2016 - 12:00 PM to 1:30 PM

Location:

D-Lab Convening Room (356 Barrows Hall)

Description:
Participants in this workshop will learn about some of the issues surrounding the collection of health statistics, and will also learn about authoritative sources of health statistics and data. We will look at tools that let you create custom tables of vital statistics (birth, death, etc.), disease statistics, health behavior statistics, and more. The focus will be on US statistics, but sources of non-US statistics will be covered as well.
Whether you need a quick fact or a data set to analyze, this workshop will lead you to relevant data sources. Students will have a chance to explore some of these tools in class, so please bring your laptop.

Instructor:

Michael Sholinbeck, Outreach/Instruction Librarian, Sheldon Margen Public Health Library

Register:
http://dlab.berkeley.edu/training/finding-health-statistics-2

Feb 18, 2016 | Categories: News, Events and Workshops | msholinb

Resource Guides on Recent Public Health Incidents: Zika, Flint, Aliso Canyon

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) recently developed resource lists for three public health emergencies affecting both local and global communities:

An incident web page was created to gather resources on the emerging health issues arising from the Zika Virus.

Two PDF documents on recent chemical incidents have been updated.

Links to these lists are included below and also can be found on the NLM Disaster Health home page, https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov

Zika Virus Health Information Resources https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/zikavirus.html

Lead in Flint, Michigan Water System https://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/FlintLeadWater.pdf

Aliso Canyon/Porter Ranch Gas Leak https://disasterinfo.nlm.nih.gov/dimrc/aliso_canyon_gas_leak.pdf

These resource lists link to a variety of sources such as:

  • Local, state, federal and international agencies and organizations
  • Database searches for the health information issues around the incidents
  • Social media resources for situational awareness

To keep up-to-date on these and other Disaster Health resources, please sign-up for email updates: https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USNLMDIMRC/subscriber/new.

Jan 28, 2016 | Categories: News, New Resources | msholinb

Embase Workshop: Improve your biomedical/health searches! Feb. 11, 10am

Embase Workshop: Improve your searches!

Thursday February 11 | 10-11:30 a.m. | Valley Life Sciences Building, Bioscience Library Training Room

No pre-registration required; all are welcome: students, faculty, staff, researchers.

Please join us for a 60 minute workshop* (*with optional 30 minute question/practice time afterwards) incorporating hands-on examples to more effectively search Embase.

You will learn:

  • How the Embase database differs from PubMed in content, scope and functionality
  • How to do a quick search and use search history to design more effective searches
  • How to use Emtree to find the best term and synonyms for searching
  • Where to go for help and support for your Embase searching needs.

Derrick Umali (Elsevier Life Science Customer Consultant) will be on hand to deliver the session and answer additional questions or provide additional workflows after the workshop.
Use one of the PCs in the Training Room, or bring your laptop!

Finding all relevant information from the biomedical literature is key to creating high-quality reviews that accelerate evidence-based clinical decisions and improve patient outcomes.
Unique coverage of the most important types of evidence and search tools specifically designed to pinpoint relevant biomedical literature ensures that Embase enables all researchers to generate the most impactful reviews in support of Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Based Public Health.

Embase features
:

  • More than 30 million records from over 8,500 journals and 'grey literature' from over 1.9 million conference abstracts
  • Coverage of the most important types of evidence, including randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, Cochrane reviews and meta-analyses
  • Deep indexing using the Emtree life science thesaurus, which includes over 70,000 preferred terms and 290,000 synonyms, as well as trial and study types, reviews and meta-analysis
  • Unique non-English content, along with detailed indexing of study types, trial phases, patient populations etc.

The Cochrane Collaboration recommends searching in Embase

Embase Fact Sheet (PDF),
Embase Systematic Review Guide (PDF)

Jan 15, 2016 | Categories: Events and Workshops | msholinb

Identifying Transgender and Other Gender Minority Respondents on Population-Based Surveys

Currently, most federally-supported population-based surveys do not include measures to identify transgender and other gender minority respondents, according to a report released by the Williams Institute on behalf of the Gender Identity in U.S. Surveillance (GenIUSS) group. The report entitled, "Best Practices for Asking Questions to Identify Transgender and Other Gender Minority Respondents on Population-Based Surveys," assesses current practices in sex and gender-related population research and offers strategies for establishing consistent, scientifically rigorous procedures for gathering information relevant to the needs and experiences of transgender people and other gender minorities.

The American Community Survey, the Current Population Survey, the Survey of Income and Program Participation, the National Crime Victimization Survey, the National Health Interview Survey, and the National Survey of Veterans are among the federally-supported population-based surveys that currently do not include measures to identify gender minority respondents. These are top-priority surveys for including recommended sex and gender-related measures.

"Research tells us that transgender people and other gender minorities face discrimination that impacts their health and well-being," says Jody L. Herman, who served as editor for the report and leads Williams Institute transgender research efforts. "Having representative data on the social, economic, and health status of gender minorities is key to guiding efforts by government and nonprofit agencies to address disparities."

The report recommends various promising measures and measurement approaches for identifying respondents as gender minorities in general population surveys. Among the most effective is the "two step" approach, which includes measures of self-reported assigned sex at birth (the sex recorded on one?s original birth certificate) and gender identity at the time of the survey.

Related to this post:

Creating Authentic Spaces: A Gender Identity and Gender Expression Toolkit: This toolkit provides constructive and tangible steps on how to implement anti-discrimination policies around gender identity and gender expression, as well as strategies and suggestions on creating affirming spaces for people who identify as trans and gender non-conforming.

Jan 07, 2016 | Categories: Events and Workshops | msholinb

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